第6部分 质量、安全、文明施工保障措施 Quality, Safety and Civilized Construction Guarantee Measures 6.1 质量保证措施Quality Guarantee Measures 6.1.1 总承包质量管理组织机构Institutional Framework of Quality Management Of General Contractor 6.第6部分 质量、安全、文明施工保障措施
Quality, Safety and Civilized Construction Guarantee Measures
6.1 质量保证措施Quality Guarantee Measures
6.1.1 总承包质量管理组织机构Institutional Framework of Quality Management Of General Contractor
6.1.2 质量控制过程与阶段Quality Control Process and Stage
（1）质量控制过程Quality Control Process
The quality control of the construction project is a system control process from the process quality to the item project quality, part project quality, and unit project quality; and it is also a system project of the whole process from the quality control of the raw material input to the completion of the inspection of engineering quality.
（2）质量控制阶段Quality Control Stage
To strengthen the quality control of the construction items and identify the keys to the quality control of various construction stages, the construction item quality can be divided into three stages, namely pre-construction, mid-construction and post-construction control stages.
1）事前质量控制Pre-construction Quality Control
It refers to the quality control before the formal construction and its controlling key is to well perform the construction preparation, which is supposed to be executed throughout the construction process.
B、施工准备的内容：Construction Preparation Content:
Technical preparation: Familiarize and examine the design drawing and construction drawing, make a joint checkup on the design drawings, and work out the constructional organization design of the project.
Material preparation: Prepare the material and construction equipment and others.
Organizational preparation: Set up the project institutional framework, gather the construction teams and give mobilization education to the construction teams.
Construction site preparation: Measure the control network and benchmark marking stake, prepare for the “five-supplies and one leveling”, production and living temporary facilities, and mobilize the equipment and material; work out the plans of the relevant test, inspection and technical progress projects; draw up the seasonable construction measures; and formulate the field management system and others.
2）事中质量控制Mid-construction Quality Control
It refers to the quality control implemented during the period of construction. The strategy of the mid-construction quality control is: thoroughly control the construction process, and emphatically control the process quality, and the actual measures are:
The process handover will be checked; the quality precontrol measures will be prepared; each construction project will be provided with construction schemes; the technical measures will be clarified to the concerned parties; the joint checkup on the drawings will be recorded; the prepared material will be tested; the concealed works will be checked before acceptance; the calibration of measurement instruments will be double-checked; the design alteration will be gone through the relevant formalities; the steel bar replacement will be in conformity to the relevant system; the quality treatment will be double-checked; the finished works will be protected; the quality control can put a veto upon the project construction; and the quality documents will be kept on file (all the quality-related technical documents like records of bench-mark, coordinates, and measurement and setting-out, settlement and deformation observation records, record of joint checkup on the drawings, material certificate, test report, construction record, concealed works record, design alteration design, debugging and pressure test operation record, trial run record, and completion drawing should be cataloged and kept on file).
3）事后质量控制Post-construction Quality Control
It refers to the quality control in completing the construction process and constituting the products, and the actual work content is as follows:
A、组织联动试车；Organize the linkage trial run;
Prepare the final acceptance data and organize the self checking and initial acceptance;
Make a quality evaluation on the completed item and part projects in accordance with the given quality evaluation standards and methods;
D、组织竣工验收，其标准是：Organize the final acceptance, and the standards are as follows:
In accordance with the design documents and contract, complete the construction to make the quality meet China’s national quality standards and satisfy the need of production and application;
The main equipment of various systems has been installed and matched, and the linkage trial run is qualified to meet the design capacity;
The structures for acceptance shall be cleaned up, provided with water supply and power supply, and the refrigerating and ventilating equipment shall operate normally;
The projects for acceptance shall be cleaned up, the material residue in the construction shall be removed from the construction site, and the temporary buildings shall be demolished; and
⑤技术档案资料齐全。The technical archives shall be complete.
6.1.3 质量因素控制Quality Factor Control
There are five factors influencing the construction projects, that is, 4M1E, referring to: Man, Material, Machine, Method, and Environment, shown in the following figure. Strict control over these five factors beforehand is the key to guarantee the quality of construction projects.
Men are the organizer, director and operator who directly get involved in the construction. As a control object, errors shall be avoided; as a motive power for control, bring men’s enthusiasm into full play and give play to the leading effect of men. Therefore, besides strengthening the political and ideological education, labour discipline education, professional ethics education and professional skill training, perfecting the job responsibility system, improving the labor conditions and impartially and reasonably encouraging men’s work enthusiasm, we should also, with a view to guarantee the quality, control the employment of men from the aspects of men’s technical level, physical defect, psychological behavior, and improper behavior according to the engineering features. All in all, in terms of the employment of men, we should make comprehensive consideration and overall control from the aspects of mental, professional and physical calibers.
The material control includes the control over the raw material, finished products, semi-finished products, components and matching parts, and the control content mainly involves making a strict check and acceptance, correctly and reasonably using and establishing the machine account of management, and performing the technical management for various technical links like collecting, delivering, storing and transporting so as to avoid misapplication and applying unqualified raw material to the construction.
The machinery control includes the control over the construction machinery and equipment and instruments. Select proper machinery and equipment and properly use, manage and maintain the machinery and equipment on the ground of different process features and technical requirements. Therefore, it is necessary to establish and better the “man-machine combination” system, “operation certificate” system, job responsibility system, shift system, “technical maintenance” system, “safe application system”, and machinery and equipment checkup system to ensure the machinery and equipment is in good condition.
The method control includes the control over the constructional organization design, construction schemes, construction technical measures, and construction process, integrating all of which with the actual construction so as to solve the knotty problems of construction, make technologies practical, and enable the construction to be economical and reasonable to help guarantee the construction quality, accelerate the progress and reduce the cost.
There are many environmental factors influencing the project quality, for example, engineering geology, hydrology and meteorology and others; engineering management environment, for instance, quality assurance system and quality management system and others; labor environment, for instance, combination of labor, operational field, working surface, etc. Effect measure shall be taken to strictly control the environmental factors that influence the quality on the ground of the project features and actual conditions. In particular, the construction site shall be provided with civilized construction and production environment, the material and equipment shall be stored orderly, the roads shall be unobstructed, the workplace shall be clean and orderly, and the construction procedures shall be in apple-pie order so as to facilitate the quality guarantee.
6.1.4 质量控制方法 Quality Control Method
The project quality control method is mainly to examine and verify the relevant technical documents and reports and directly make the field inspection or necessary tests.
Examine and verify the relevant technical documents, reports or statements. The actual content includes the following:
Examine and verify the relevant documentary evidences of technical qualification;
Examine and verify the construction schemes, constructional organization design and technical measures;
Examine and verify the quality testing reports of the relevant material and semi-finished products;
Examine and verify the statistical data or control diagrams reflecting the dynamic state of the process quality;
Examine and verify the design alteration, drawing modification, and technical ratification letter;
Examine and verify the reports dealing with the related quality problems;
Examine and verify the technical appraisal certificates in relation to the application of new technique, technology, structure and material;
Examine and verify the inspection on the working procedure shift, and quality inspection reports of the item and part projects; and
Examine and verify and sign the technical evidences and documents and others.
（2）现场质量检查 Field Quality Inspection
1）现场质量检查的内容Content of Field Quality Inspection
Inspection before the commencement: It aims to check whether it is ready for the commencement, the normal and continuous construction can be carried out, and the project quality can be guaranteed.
Inspection on the working procedure shift: on the basis of self-checking and mutual inspection, the full-time staff shall be also organized to make the inspection on the working procedure shift in terms of important working procedures or those bringing significant influence on the project quality.
Inspection on the concealed works: The concealed works shall not be covered before they are inspected and certified.
Inspection after the construction stoppage and before the construction resuming: In case of construction resuming after the construction stoppage caused by quality problem or for a certain reason, the construction resuming shall not be performed before the construction site is inspected and accepted.
The next construction project shall not be allowed before the completed item and part projects are inspected and accepted and the acceptance record is signed.
Safety inspection on the finished products: check the finished products for protective measures or check out them to make sure the protective measures are reliable.
Field patrol inspection: Go to the construction site and inspect the constructional and operational quality. If necessary, it is also supposed to make follow-up inspections.
2）现场质量检查的方法Methods for Field Quality Inspection
The visual method, actual measurement method and test method will be adopted in the inspection.
6.1.5 工程材料、设备控制Engineering Material and Equipment Control
Engineering Material and Equipment Approval and Acknowledgment
The quality of the engineering material and equipment directly involves the project quality. Except the suppliers specified by the employer, the general contractor adopts the acknowledgment method of “reporting for approval” in respect of the engineering material and equipment, and the procedures are as follows:
Work out the reporting document to acknowledge the engineering material and equipment. The general contractor and subcontractor should, in advance, work out the reporting document to acknowledge the engineering material and equipment, and the document content includes: manufacturer (supplier) name, product name, model and specifications, quantity, main technical data, reference technical description, relevant construction details, specific positions and main functional features in this project. The Material and Equipment Reporting Sheet unifiedly prepared by the general contractor will be annexed to the reporting document, and submitted to the employer, supervisor and general contractor.
Give the pre-examination opinion. After receiving the reporting document, the general contractor gives his pre-examination opinion and submits it to the employer for acknowledgment.
After the formalities of “reporting for approval” are gone through, the employer, general contractor, subcontractor and supervisor respectively holds one copy of the reporting document, which will serve as the grounds for the quality inspection on the engineering material and equipment mobilized in the future.
（2）材料样品的报批和确认 Material Sample Approval and Acknowledgment
The material sample approval and acknowledgment will be implemented in accordance with the procedures of the engineering material and equipment approval and acknowledgment. After the material sample is reported to and acknowledged by the employer, supervisor, and design institute, the sample will be reserved to provide grounds for double-checking the material quality in the future.
Strengthening the Examination and Verification on the Mobilized Engineering Material and Equipment
The mobilization acceptance measures for the material and equipment will be worked out for the quality examination and verification on the mobilized engineering material and equipment, and the procedures are as follows:
After the engineering material and equipment is mobilized, the subcontractor will perform the self-checking and fill out the List of Material and Material Acceptance Sheet unifiedly prepared by the general contractor and submit them to the general contractor.
After receiving the data from the subcontractor, the general contractor shall, jointly with the supervisor, perform the acceptance within two days. If in need of samples, the samples shall, as required, be sent to the engineering material exhibition room established by the general contractor.
The Material Sampling Label will be adopted in the material acceptance. If the material is qualified and accepted by the general contractor and supervisor, “SAMPLING QUALIFIED” will be printed on the Material Sampling Label, and then the label will be affixed to the sampling object. The sampling material with a Material Sampling Label will serve as the contrast grounds for the material acceptance in relation to each subcontractor.
The general contractor jointly with the supervisor will make a comprehensive verification and test on the mobilized material and equipment, and reject the material and equipment not satisfying the given requirements, and at the same time the related subcontractor will be warned so as to guarantee that the equipment and material applied or installed will meet the given quality requirements.
6.1.6 施工工序的质量控制Quality Control of Construction Procedure
The project construction process consists of a series of working procedures that are correlated to each other and restricted by each other; in order to control the quality of the construction process of the project, the quality of the working procedure shall be first controlled.
The working procedure quality includes two aspects: first, the quality of the procedure activity conditions; second, the quality of the working procedure activity effect. Seen from the quality control, the two are correlated to each other. On the one hand, the quality of the procedure activity conditions, namely the quality of inputs (i.e. quality of man, material, machinery, method and environment) of each procedure shall be controlled to meet the given requirements; on the other hand, the quality of the working procedure activity effect shall be controlled to make the engineering products completed in each procedure meet the relevant quality standards.
Principle of the working procedure quality control: The method of mathematical statistics is adopted to take statistics and analysis of the testing data of part of the working procedure (sample) so as to judge whether the whole working procedure is stable and normal. If it is not stable and there is any abnormal phenomenon, measures must be timely taken to improve the procedure so as to achieve the control over the quality of the working procedure.
（1）施工工序质量控制程序Quality Control Procedure for Construction Process
Check out each process to make sure they are all operated according to the procedures;
Check out the measuring position to make sure it is accurate;
Check out the “self-checking, mutual check and shift inspection” to make sure they are authentic;
Check out the Item Project Appraisal Form to make sure it accords with the actual conditions;
Check out the acceptance of concealed works to make sure it is carried out in conformity to the procedures; and
Check out the special processes to make sure they are constructed in accordance with the operational guide book.
（2）过程控制的主要做法Main Measures for Process Control
1）全过程全天候进行跟踪监控 Overall-process and all-weather Follow-up Monitoring
The general contractor will specially designate a person to make the overall-process and all-weather supervision and appraisal on the process quality of the subcontracting units, and those failing to meet the quality standards will not be signed and certified, and will be requested to be rectified and improved within a given time.
2）抓住关键过程进行质量控制Quality Control by Grasping the Key Processes
According to the construction progress node, highlight the keys and perform the quality control through grasping the key processes. To control the engineering quality of the key processes, the subcontractor is required to work out the construction schemes, organize the quality technical clarification, issuing the operational guide book, and make quality tests on the whole construction process. The general contractor shall strengthen the inspection and supervision over the key processes to make the construction quality of the key processes is always under control.
Accepting Construction Supervision and Urging Rectification and Improvement
On the ground of self-checking, the process arrangement shall be reported to the supervising engineer for signature and acceptance, and any process arrangement shall not be applied or any equipment shall not be installed or enter the next procedure before they are signed and accepted by the supervising engineer. In terms of the rectification and improvement notice that is given by the supervising unit in course of its supervision and describes the construction installation is not in conformity to the design requirements, construction technical standards and engineering contract provisions, or there are hidden dangers in measurement, quality and safety, the general contractor shall timely follow up and supervise the related subcontractor to perform the rectification and improvement within a given time till it is signed and accepted by the supervising engineer.
4）严格把关，进行过程检验Strict Check and Process Inspection
The general contractor shall well perform the process inspection in course of the construction. First of all, examine and verify the inspection and testing plans in the construction schemes made by the subcontracting units, and verify the qualification of the inspection and testing personnel and testing organizations; secondly, recheck the quality of the item and part projects on the basis of the self-checking of the subcontracting units; thirdly, use continuous or in-full inspection and testing methods to recheck the acceptance records of the concealed works of the subcontracting units, and the next procedure shall not be started before it is verified and signed by the supervising engineer; fourthly, organize the verification on the quality grades of the main part projects. The general contractor works out the verification planning of the foundation, structure, and decoration project quality and report it to the quality supervision station. After the said part projects are completed in stages and undergoes the self-checking of the subcontracting unit, recheck of the general contractor, and acceptance signature of the supervising engineer, the quality supervision station will organize the relevant personnel to make the test of quality grades. The project quality will be always under control through the process quality inspection.
5）针对产品保护进行系统管理System Management Oriented toward Product Protection
After accepted by the general contractor, the products that have been completed by the subcontracting unit and constitute systematic functions shall be protected through organizing corresponding human and material resources as well as technical means till the said products are turned into the final products and handed over to the employer for use.
6.2 安全保证措施 Safety Guarantee Measures
6.2.1 安全目标 Safety Objective
Safety target:avoid big hurt and death accident, year hurt accident rate is not more than 1‰
6.2.2 安全实施依据 Safety Implementation Reference
The safety measures will be implemented on the ground of the safety system of the management company polices, safety management procedures of *** Wind Electric Power Generation Blade (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., safety system of the Fifth Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. of China Fourth Construction Bureau, and the “Safety Inspection Standards for Building Construction (JGJ59-99)” in China. The safety measures will be also in conformity to the LEED issued by the US Green Building Council and the requirements in respect of civilized construction site in Shanghai.
Implemented Based on Safety System of Management Company Policies
For formwork to concrete pouring, erect full safety net about 1.5m---2.0m underneath scaffold. Workers shall be tied-off on the lifelines at all time.
Scaffold planks must be timber of full thickness at least 5X25 cm or similar graded equivalent. Scaffold planks must be supported by a transom at every1.3m.
Use timbers at least 5cm in thickness as plank and proper toe board forexternal scaffold.
All scaffolds shall be adequately designed to carry, without failure, four(4) times the maximum intended load. At no time shall any scaffold beoverloaded;
Toe boards of 10cm in height are required as a minimum for all scaffolds. Toe boards shall be tied to the vertical up-right/rail at each corner.
Scaffold planks must be timber of full thickness at least 5X25 cm or similar graded equivalent. Scaffold planks must be supported by a transom at every1.3m.
All scaffolds (regardless of the location) must be equipped with a15X15 centimeter steel base plates with an internal fixing spigot. Theadjustable type supports are preferred for use.
劳防用品安全 PPE requirements:
Safety helmet: quality guarantee shall be at least 2.5 years.
所有工种需提供安全眼镜。Safety glasses are required for all site work.
Anti-puncture steel insole/toe safety shoes are required.
Wear safety gloves in any corrosive atmosphere, such as painting, concrete pouring, which is subject to the decision by site safety manager.
Safety harness: full body harness with double lanyards and two big hooks forany work above 1.8m high.
For scaffold, provide full body harness with double lanyards, two hooks as wellas shock absorber.
Safety reflective vest. Management staff and workers shall wear Safetyreflective vest in different colors in order to distinguish easily.
6.2.3 安全、消防保证总体措施 General Safety and Fire Control Guarantee Measures
Set up ,finish every grade safety produce responsibility ,assure every people with detail responsibility .
In each economic contract clear safety guideline and award –pinish measure should be contain .strictly comply with The People's Republic of China industry standard
Strictly comply with construct engineering site safety standard management in Shanghai city to execute .
Strictly comply with China construction No. 4 engineering safety produce management measure to execute
New workers who enter the site should accept 3 grade safety eduction .for special workers ,should train to acceptable ,then can engage special work ,when operating ,should take certificate .
现场应布置按安全标志指示牌。There should set up safety guideline on site
Establishment of construction team and mobilization of labor force
7.3.1 施工队伍组建 Establishment of construction team
For high quality and efficient completion of the construction mission to ensure the implementation of the commitments发包方, I will send a similar experience in engineering excellence and have good experience in the professional construction team. Of the whole project is responsible for the construction mission, the construction of the ranks of professional courage to endure hardship, highly skilled, especially in the details of the operation on more sophisticated technology
Attention should be paid to workers in order to meet the form of training, on-site form of security, technology, quality focus of the training sub-phases
7.3.2 劳动力人员动态分布图 Labor personnel dynamic distribution chart
According to the project scale, project progress, technical characteristics, such as prepared at the request with the following types of work and quantity of labor
8.1 LEED项目施工实施方案 LEED Project Construction Execution Plan
In accordance with the requirements of tender documents, the works in accordance with the United States Green Building Council's LEED certification to implement, therefore, the construction process, we will strictly enforce the United States Green Building Council's green building certification requirements LEEDTM environmental management standards and the requirements of GB/T2400idtISO14000 content
具体内容为：营造绿色建筑，确保施工现场场界噪声达标，减少施工现场粉尘排放，污水主要污染物均达标排放，建筑垃圾及废弃物实行分类管理，可回收废物及时回收，杜绝物料灰土遗洒。确保建筑废物利用/回收达到50%，力争达到75%；确保材料再利用成分达到10%，力争达到20%；确保地主/地区物资10%当地提取、冶练和制造，争取达到20%；切实采取措施提高室内空气质量。 Specific content as follows: to create a green building, to ensure that the construction site boundary noise standard to reduce construction site dust emissions of major pollutants of sewage are discharged, trash and waste building exercise classified management and timely recovery of recyclable waste to eliminate lime residual materials sprinkling. To ensure that the use of construction waste / recycling reached 50%, and strive to achieve 75%; to ensure that the material re-use components to achieve 10%, and strive to achieve 20%; to ensure that the landlord / region supplies 10 percent of local extraction, smelting and manufacturing practice, to achieve 20%; practical take measures to improve indoor air quality
8.1.1 节水 Water Conservation
the construction site, the use of water-saving technology, water-saving equipment and facilities;
concrete curing using rainwater recycling conservation
施工现场 construction site
strengthen water-saving management, the construction of water for a fixed measurement
建立节能与节水的管理机制；set up energy-saving and water management mechanism
8.1.2 节能 Energy Saving
by improving energy use structure, effectively control the construction process of energy consumption
Organize according to the specific circumstances of reasonable construction, and actively promote energy efficient new technologies and new techniques
reasonable construction of the development of energy consumption indicators, improve energy efficiency construction
ensure full capacity operation of construction equipment to reduce useless work prohibit unqualified temporary facilities of electricity, so as to avoid loss
8.1.3 节材 Material Saving
make full use of temporary facilities and on-site demolition of the old material recycled materials, the use of assembly convenience Materials recycling
working materials, recycling materials and equipment should be durable, maintenance and demolition of Convenience, and easy recovery and reuse;
used in industrial production of finished products, reduce site operations and waste
selection can be recycled, can reuse and renewable building materials;
减少建筑垃圾，充分利用废弃物；building to reduce the garbage, make full use of waste
减少不可再生资源的使用。reduce the use of non-renewable resources
8.1.4 使用绿色建材 Utilization of green building materials
in accordance with the country, trade or place of green building materials management department to make the laws, regulations and evaluation methods, selection of building materials
local materials, full use of local resources for construction, reduce the transport impact on the environment
Yun can choose low, high performance, high durability and local building materials, reduce the building materials in the whole life-cycle energy consumption
选用可降解、对环境污染少的建材；choose biodegradable, less environmental pollution materials
use less raw material consumption and waste production of building materials used
使用可节能的功能性建材。use of energy-saving building materials functionality
8.1.5 垃圾管理 Rubbish and wastes control
In accordance with the requirements of LEED certification, I will be on the construction site of the main entrances and exits and on-site material processing garbage near stations, and is divided into living garbage and construction garbage, recyclable garbage. Will be a unified storage, the use of unified planning, unified appearance transported outside the site
We are in the works throughout the construction throughout the entire process of garbage generated will be in strict accordance with the "Shanghai architecture and engineering garbage disposal regulations" require the construction and do a good job on the construction process and building generated by the garbage standardize job stacking and transportation, to eliminate residual sprinkling of lime-soil material; reduce dust emissions from the construction site, construction site, road hardening rate of 100 percent, cement and other material easy to fly inbound rate of 100%; Construction of the sewage discharge standards, waste management classification rate of 100%, all vehicles are required to rinse out the management of the rate of 100%. Strengthen the garbage transport vehicles to check the condition so that the holder operations, do not steal down to the trash chaos. The establishment of a lump sum duty hygiene area, called for the office area and construction area (surrounding buildings) set up to carry out hygiene cleaning personnel and cleaning job
施工阶段各班组必须严格按照文明施工的要求做到工完料清，搞好落手清工作。施工过程所产生的建筑垃圾，责成班组在指定地点堆放整齐。the construction phase of the team must be in strict accordance with the requirements of civilized construction workers be expected End-ching, ching hand job to do a good job down. Construction produced by the process of building rubbish, instructed team stacked neatly at designated locations
shipping containers used in confined strictly prohibited omission
site located at the entrance of vehicles into and out of hand washing to prohibit vehicles exiting the site
transhipment of materials, stacking and other residues resulting from the relevant staff must be held in strict accordance with the construction plan requirements, stacked neatly at designated locations
regular checks are carried out on duty and the team deal with the implementation of reward and punishment
building decoration and repair during the implementation of building trash containers of the collection, to avoid or reduce litter building
trash management system set up for effective control of the flow of garbage to separation and collection ofprevent dumping and secondary pollution disorder;
垃圾分类收集、回收和资源化利用。garbage, recycling and resource utilization
8.2.1 组织措施Organization Measures
approach by the project manager prior to Organize saving energy and reducing consumption overall planning, setting up a special leading group for energy conservation, a clear division of responsibilities of various members
Pre-trip should be the design requirements of this project the focus of saving energy and reducing consumption and difficult to carry out assessment and, if necessary, should be on saving energy content with the owners, design, supervision and other stakeholders for consultation and communication, consensus
energy planning should be comprehensive, the contents of at least include: energy saving and consumption reduction targets, energy saving targets (fixed), energy saving construction methods and means of saving energy resources required to assess the effect of saving energy and reducing consumption, etc.
taken a basic knowledge of energy saving training, "four new" propaganda, the typical form of safety education, and strengthen leadership at all levels and staff awareness of energy saving building
works at the course of strict implementation of the three-tier system should include major energy saving methods and measures, and in the course of construction in strict accordance with the contents of交底organization
Organize periodic inspection of the energy saving goal of the implementation, for the problems found in inspection or part thereof, should analyze the causes and to develop specific measures to correct and prevent recurrence, at the same time the development of prevention measures to eliminate the occurrence of similar problems
special trades personnel in accordance with the corresponding requirements in the review period provided for the replacement to avoid the qualifications of the operators or the lack of capacity caused by the quality, safety, environmental accidents, resulting in the loss or the formation of waste
8.2.2 技术措施 Technical Measures
184.108.40.206 一般措施 General measures
learn the country law, rules documents about saving power
according to request in construction design ,adopt saving building structure, implement ,material ,and products, actively spread use the new saving technology, new technics, new facilities and new material, limit use high exhausting old technology, technics, facilities and material
when make out the construction technics saving plan, should optimize the net plan, adopt reasonable construction in current segment, bring the technology innovation into effect, distribute resource equally ,reinforce cooperation on site ,reinforce sub-contract controlling, quicken the progress, to reach the saving target
according to the request for material technics ,capability in construction organization design or construction plan, adopt compare more suppliers ,invite bid and tender, choose eligible supplier ,then buy material from the eligible supplier. Ensure the material good quality ,cheap ,environmental ,avoid buy the unqualified goods or waste or pollution.
while a reasonable technology and economic status, choose the construction material complied with design request and saving power, reducing the material. Prohibit to use the material and products which is limited or eliminated to use,reduce the sources exhaustion and pollution to environment .
all the material entering the warehouse should accept appearance inspect, quality inspect, capability inspect, specification and style inspect, and accept countercheck. Strictly record, check, avoid any problems as objection and waste, or quantity is not correct, the diameter of raber is wrong, effect saving power
all material execute limitation receive regulation, control distribution by receiving list, prevent to non-control distribution.
the using length of various rebar, wire, cable , pipeline, electric distribution pipe ets, lay the material after actually measure on site ,after lay the material ,seriously check again, avoid to waste.
Before start the project, should be made out. set up energy exhaustion account, make out control measure for saving energy ,according to energy sources metering net drawings, set single and independence water metering, power metering, gas metering from production section, living section, sub-contract section, Change the traditional method as separately payment for water rate and electricity rate. So everyone has his the saving responsibility .
220.127.116.11 油、燃料节约措施 Oil Fuel saving measures
Enhance the maintenance for voiture and equipment,avoid result in waste oil.leak oil.integrative make use of oil which the substitution after repair,reduce the consumption of oil.
18.104.22.168 用水节约措施 Water saving measures
Adopt the water cycle system to save water: collect the rain water ,liquid water of construction,liquid water of life,through barrel-drain get into the deposition pool
After the thirdly disposal of deposit,take out the water to the water tank by water pump ,then use circular water to wash floor,voiture,wash room,and promise the
Specialist take charge the management and movement of circular water tank See flow chat as follows。